Cybercrime refers to an unauthorized criminal activity or any other offense which involves or is facilitated by the use of information systems or electronic communication, including the internet or any device. It implicates criminal activities that utilize computer networks.
There are various forms of cybercrime ranging from fraud, hacking, the spread of spyware, terrorist incitement, among others. This study entails an illustration of hacking as a form of cybercrime, its overall global impacts, and the challenges hacking poses to law enforcement agencies in efforts to combat cybercrime.
Computer hacking is prevalent in the society during this digital era. It involves the malicious action of breaking or tapping into a protected computer system with the intention of conducting blatant theft, political insubordination, or corporate espionage. Computer hacking affects an individual, an organization, and the entire society in a variety of ways; some particular, others universal to the feature of the intent for hacking, and the occupation in concern.
Among the major concerns of hacking include; Interconnected Costs: Computer hacking results in companies incurring substantial costs since computer hackers develop viruses then spread them over secure computer networks.
Cases of deliberate theft have been reported by various organizations like Google and PlayStation that indicate losses of billions of dollars by the affected groups. Eventually, the monetary loss arisen from malicious computer access cost businesses quantities of operative time.
Information: Computer hacking surrounds information or data breach. Individuals and organizations steal data such as business strategies, research, and financial reports from each other through the hacking maneuvers.
Client databases likewise become victims of hacking, where hackers steal addresses, names, financial information, and emails from corporate institutions. Such information loss results in a competitive advantage and complete loss of client foundation that is elemental in the run of any organization.
Moreover, the society, in general, is being affected by the hacking processes since the conduct is attracting many youths as a result of technological advancement and the need for every young generation to bear necessary computer skills. This practice has led to many minors becoming idle over the internet and further contemplating to engage in an unauthorized pass to gain access to secure networks.
Therefore, this proliferation of hacking technology deprives the society of talented and brilliant individuals who would otherwise be competitive and productive in partaking other roles that build a community.
Internet use presents challenges for law enforcement agencies as they try to fight the criminality. For instance, there are concerns of breaching an individual’s or an organization’s right to privacy when police initiate the search of unauthorized online access by lawbreakers.
Secondly, law enforcements utilize old techniques that do not match the contemporary technological advancements in determining criminal activities over the internet, therefore finding it cumbersome to conduct active hunts.
There are two usual instances of legal mechanisms that are employed by law enforcers in pursuing electronic evidence and policing computer crime. First is Computer Fraud and Abuse Act that regards it prohibited to gain illegal contact to a network, secondly is the Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act that administrates law enforcements’ authorization processes.
Currently, law enforcement agencies have established mechanisms of focus in making tangible progress in cyber security.
These include combatting network and computer intrusions like spyware, virus, and hacking. Other directive measures include mitigation of identity theft and fraudulent activities.